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The Cohen‑Mansfield Agitation Inventory.  The Cohen‑Mansfield Agitation inventory (CMAI)       is a 29‑item caregiver rating questionnaire for the assessment of agitation in elderly persons.        It includes descriptions of 29 agitated behaviors, each rated on a 7‑point scale of frequency.        Inter‑rater agreement rates ranged between .88 and .92.


The Cohen‑Mansfield Agitation Inventory ‑ Short Form.  The CMAI‑SF is a short version of       the Cohen‑Mansfield Agitation Inventory.  It contains 14 items to be rated by caregivers on       a 5‑point frequency scale.  The items are based on the factor structure of the original       inventory.


The Agitated Behavior Mapping Instrument.  The Agitated Behavior Mapping Instrument       (ABMI) is a behavior mapping technique for systematically observing and defining the       behavior of nursing home residents.  The ABMI includes items pertaining to different types    of agitated behaviors as well as items concerning the social and physical environment of the resident being observed.  Inter‑observer agreement rates were calculated for each agitated       behavior and averaged .93.


The Depression Rating Scale.  The depression rating scale (DRS) is a 6‑item questionnaire for caregivers' ratings of frail elderly.  It taps two factors:  Sad affect and social functioning.        Inter‑rater agreement rates averaged .69.   


The Hebrew Home Social Network Rating Scale.  The Hebrew Home Social Network Rating   Scale (HHSNRS) measures the social network of nursing home residents, taking into account       both the formal (staff) and the informal (family) caregivers.  It examines frequency of       contacts, intimacy of contacts, and size of network.  Inter‑rater agreement rates averaged       .82.


Preferences for Life‑Sustaining Treatment Questionnaire.  The (PLSTQ) is a close‑ended       questionnaire which assesses preferences for (or against) specific life‑sustaining treatment       options.  The preferences for each treatment are tested for three conditions of cognitive       ability:  Intact, confused, and unconscious.  The preference is rated on a 7‑point scale       assessing direction of preference and degree of certainty in preference. 


The Observational Sleep Assessment Instrument.  The Observational Sleep Assessment       Instrument (OSAI) is an observational instrument for the assessment of sleep in nursing home       residents.  It assesses the occurrence of sleep, disruptions in sleep, breathing, snoring,       myoclonic movements, and body restlessness. 


Satisfaction and Stress Questionnaire I and II-Daily.  The Satisfaction and Stress Questionnaire       I and II-Daily (SSQ-I and SSQ-II Daily) are open-ended, self-report questionnaires that are       completed by staff members of long-term care facilities to find out how they feel about their       job.


Autonomy in the Nursing Home Questionnaire.  The Autonomy in the Nursing Home       Questionnaire (ANHQ) is an open-ended questionnaire administered to nursing home staff      to assess the amount of autonomy, independence, and free choice nursing home residents       have.


Rater Motivation/Compliance Questionnaire (RMCQ).  The Rater Motivation/Compliance       Questionnaire (RMCQ) is a short instrument completed by an interviewer which rates the       attitudes, motivation, and compliance of an informant during an informant-based assessment.


Quality of Life Values Inventory.  The Quality of Life Values Inventory (QLVI) assesses

      personal values pertaining to the relative importance of quality of life, burden on others, and prolongation of life.  The QLVI is an interview-style questionnaire consisting of 5 items, which was developed for use with elderly hospital patients.


Nursesí Ratings of Sleep Patterns Questionnaire.  The Nursesí Ratings of Sleep Patterns

     Questionnaire (NRSPQ) utilizes independent observers (nurses) who are required to check on each resident about every two hours.  The instrument measures the following dimensions of sleep: the number of hours of sleep; the length of time to fall asleep; frequency of  spontaneous awakenings; length of average wake period; hour of awakening in the morning; and external disruptions to sleep.


Typology of Vocalization.  The Typology of Vocalization questionnaire classifies different sounds of nursing home resident who manifest verbally disruptive behavior.  It specifically rates the type of sound; the meaning, reason and content; the timing; and the level of disruptiveness.




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Research Institute on Aging
Hebrew Home of Greater Washington
6121 Montrose Road ∑ Rockville, MD 20852 ∑ U.S.A
E-mail: Libin@Hebrew-Home.org